|•Long been regarded as penal in nature, they are
subject to a strict construction, and
the requisite intent must be clearly shown before liability may be imposed.
|•The existence of a reasonable belief that the
cutting is authorized or that the trees are on one’s own property constitutes
a defense to the action.
|•Such a belief, even if unreasonable, will
preclude liability under these statutes unless the belief is “so patently
unreasonable as to constitute a reckless disregard for the ownership of the
|•Principal held not answerable for willful wrong
of his agent, in which he did not participate, in knowingly and willfully
cutting defendant’s trees.